Cryogenic Heat Pipe Temperature Control for Space Applications
Introduction to Cryogenic Space Applications
The ongoing development of space-based communications, sensors, and experiments, as well as the evolution of spacecraft electronics, are driving demand for tighter thermal control and more efficient heat removal in low temperature microgravity environments. NASA’s goal was to develop reliable Refrigerator/Freezer (R/F) modules for future Life and Biomedical Sciences spaceflight projects. To do so, they sought to identify, develop, and demonstrate the complicated key Refrigerator/Freezer technologies required for these advanced R/F modules. Traditional thermal management solutions such as air or liquid cooling are not viable options in space applications. Instead, Aavid, Thermal Division of Boyd Corporation developed passive, two phase cooling solutions specifically designed for cryogenic applications for NASA to test during space shuttle missions.
The NASA Cryogenic Temperature Control Challenge