Supporting equipment and protective materials reduce available volume for battery cells and reduces energy density
Temperature limits rapid charge and discharge cycles, requiring cooling solutions to maintain speed.
Renewable on-site energy storage systems are located at the solar or wind farms, which can be in remote locations. This can limit system maintenance and requires highly reliable systems for ongoing usage.
EV batteries must meet demanding safety standards for passenger safety, which includes collision protection and fire-resistant materials to increase egress time in emergencies.
Every gram counts in extending EV battery range, so protection and cooling systems must use lightweight, yet reliable solutions.