Selecting a Liquid-to-Liquid Cooling System

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How to Calculate which Liquid-to-Liquid Cooling System is Right for Your Application

In most Liquid-to-Liquid Cooling applications, we know the temperature of facility water (TF), the desired process set-point temperature (TP), the flow rate through the process ( P) and the heat load of the process, Q.

To determine the required capacity, Q/ITD, we first need to calculate the change in temperature, ΔT, through the process. We can do this either by solving the heat capacity equation:

or by using the heat capacity graphs found in our Thermal Reference Guide.

Next, we calculate Q/ITD to find the required cooling capacity. Q is the process heat load. ITD, the initial temperature difference, is the difference in temperature between warm return water, (TP+ ΔT) and cold facility water (TF).


Finally, refer to the Liquid Cooling System (LCS) performance curves to determine the facility process flow rate required to achieve calculated Q/ITD.

Example Liquid-to-Liquid Cooling System Calculation

A solder reflow oven requires a process set point of 20 °C. The heat load is 10 kW and process water flow rate is 5 gpm. The facility water is at 10°C.

Using the heat capacity graphs, we find that the ΔT through the process is approximately 7.6°C for the condition 10 kW at 5 gpm.

We can now solve for Q/ITD as follows:

Referencing the LCS performance graph, we can see that a facility flow rate above 2 gpm will meet required performance.

View our Ambient Liquid Cooling Systems Section or our Recirculating Chillers Section to learn more about available options.